Flat Feet

Step Towards Comfort

What is Flat feet?

Flat feet is a condition where the longitudinal arch or instep of the foot collapses and comes in contact with the ground. Flat feet may be associated with pronation, leaning inward of the ankle bones toward the centre line. It can also be congenital condition (hereditary) or caused by aging (boomer foot) Years of wear and tear can weaken the tendons and ligaments that are responsible for shaping the arch. (Post tib dysfunction)

Symptoms of Flat Feet

  • Uneven footwear

  • Lower leg pain

  • Heal or arch pain (Plantar Fasciitis)

  • Swelling in your ankles

  • General foot, leg, knee, hip and lower back pain.

More about Flat feet

Flat feet, also known as fallen arches or pes planus, is a common condition in which the arches of the feet appear to be flattened or collapsed. Normally, the inner part of the foot (the arch) is slightly raised off the ground when standing. However, in individuals with flat feet, the entire sole of the foot comes into contact with the ground.

Flat feet can be categorized into two main types:

  1. Flexible Flat Feet: In this type, the arches of the feet appear to flatten when standing, but they can still be restored to a normal arch when the person is not bearing weight on their feet (e.g., when sitting or standing on tiptoes). Flexible flat feet are often painless and may not cause any significant problems.

  2. Rigid Flat Feet: Rigid flat feet, on the other hand, have a fixed flat appearance, regardless of whether the individual is bearing weight or not. This type is less common and is more likely to cause foot pain and other symptoms.

Causes and risk factors for flat feet can include:

  • Genetics: Some people have a genetic predisposition to flat feet, as it can run in families.
  • Injury: Trauma or injury to the tendons or bones of the foot can lead to flat feet.
  • Muscular or neurological conditions: Certain medical conditions or neuromuscular disorders can affect the muscles and tendons that support the arches of the feet.
  • Aging: The natural aging process can cause the arches to gradually flatten in some individuals.
  • Obesity: Excess body weight can put additional stress on the arches of the feet, potentially leading to flat feet.
  • Pregnancy: The increased weight and hormonal changes during pregnancy can contribute to flat feet in some women.

Flat feet may not always cause symptoms or problems. However, in some cases, individuals with flat feet may experience the following symptoms:

  • Foot pain, especially in the arches or heels.
  • Tired or achy feet after standing or walking for extended periods.
  • Difficulty fitting into shoes or finding comfortable footwear.
  • Ankle pain or instability.
  • Lower leg pain or discomfort.

Treatment for flat feet depends on the severity of symptoms and underlying causes. Some common approaches include:

  1. Orthotic Insoles: Custom-made or over-the-counter arch supports or orthotic insoles can provide additional support and cushioning to relieve discomfort.

  2. Proper Footwear: Choosing shoes with good arch support and cushioning is essential for managing flat feet.

  3. Physical Therapy: Specific exercises and stretches can help strengthen the muscles that support the arches and improve foot function.

  4. Weight Management: Maintaining a healthy body weight can reduce the strain on the feet.

  5. Pain Relief: Over-the-counter pain relievers or anti-inflammatory medications may be recommended to manage pain and inflammation.

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